NOTE : FDI – Foreign Direct Investment
NOTE : CAGR – Compound Annual Growth
SOURCE : Economic Survey 2016-17
The services sector is not only the dominant sector in India’s GDP, but has also attracted significant foreign investment flows, contributed significantly to exports as well as provided large-scale employment. India’s services sector covers a wide variety of activities such as trade, hotel and restaurants, transport, storage and communication, financing, insurance, real estate, business services, community, social and personal services, and services associated with construction.
The services sector is the key driver of India’s economic growth. The sector contributed around 53.8 per cent of its Gross Value Added in 2016-17 and employed 28.6 per cent of the total population. Net services exports from India grew 14.6 per cent in the first half of 2017-18 and the sector attracted 60.7 per cent of India’s total FDI inflows.
India’s score in the Nikkei/IHS Market Services Purchasing Managers Index grew from 45.90 in July 2017 to 50.90 in December 2017, supported by growth in the growth in Information & Communications and Finance & Insurance.
As per the Economic Survey 2017-18, Central Statistics Office’s (CSO) first advance estimates of Gross Value Added (GVA) in FY 2017-18 indicate that the services sector is expected to grow 8.3 per cent year-on-year.
According to a report called ‘The India Opportunity’ by leading research firm Market Research Store, the Indian mobile services market is expected to reach $37 billion in 2017 and grow by 10.3 per cent year-on-year to reach US$ 103.9 billion by 2020.
Out of overall services sector, the sub-sector comprising financial services, real estate and professional services contributed US$ 305.8 billion or 20.5 per cent to the GDP. The sub-sector of community, social and personal services contributed US$ 188.2 billion or 12.6 per cent to the GDP.
The Indian services sector which includes financial, banking, insurance, non-financial/business, outsourcing, research and development, courier and technical test analysis, has attracted FDI equity inflows in the period April 2000-September 2017, amounting to about US$ 62.39 billion which is about 17.46 per cent of the total foreign inflows, according to the Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion (DIPP).
Some of the developments and major investments by companies in the services sector in the recent past are as follows:
The Government of India recognises the importance of promoting growth in services sectors and provides several incentives in wide variety of sectors such as health care, tourism, education, engineering, communications, transportation, information technology, banking, finance, management, among others.
Prime Minister Narendra Modi has stated that India’s priority will be to work towards trade facilitation agreement (TFA) for services, which is expected to help in the smooth movement of professionals.
The Government of India has adopted a few initiatives in the recent past. Some of these are as follows:
Under the Mid-Term Review of Foreign Trade Policy (2015-20), the Central Government increased incentives provided under Services Exports from India Scheme (SEIS) by two per cent.
Ministry of Communications, Government of India, has launched DARPAN – “Digital Advancement of Rural Post Office for A New India” which is aimed at improving the quality of services, adding value to services and achieving “financial inclusion” of un-banked rural population.
Software services exports from India grew 10.3 per cent year-on-year to US$ 97.1 billion in 2016-17. The USA and Canada remained the top destinations of India’s export of software services and were followed by Europe.
Ministry of Civil Aviation, Government of India, launched ‘DigiYatra’, a digital platform for air travellers that aims to develop a digital ecosystem providing consistent service and a delightful experience at every touch point of the journey.
The Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology has launched a services portal, which aims to provide seamless access to government services related to education, health, electricity, water and local services, justice and law, pensions and benefits, through a single window.
Services sector growth is governed by both domestic and global factors. The Indian facilities management market is expected to grow at 17 per cent CAGR between 2015 and 2020 and surpass the US$19 billion mark supported by booming real estate, retail, and hospitality sectors. The performance of trade, hotels and restaurants, and transport, storage and communication sectors are expected to improve in FY17. The financing, insurance, real estate, and business services sectors are also expected to continue their good run in FY17.
The implementation of the GOODS AND SERVICES TAX (GST) has created a common national market and reduced the overall tax burden on goods. It is expected to reduce costs in the long run on account of availability of GST input credit, which will result in the reduction in prices of services.
EXCHANGE RATE USED: INR 1 = US$ 0.0155 as on January 04, 2018
REFERENCES: Media Reports, Press Releases, DIPP publication, Press Information Bureau.